What is Survey Construction Staking? Importance of Survey Construction Staking

What is Survey Construction Staking?

What is Survey Construction Staking

Survey construction staking is a process in which the construction of a design survey is surveyed and calculated before the project starts.

This helps to reduce the risk of project failure or delays due to an unforeseen change in site conditions. A stakeout provides an accurate basis for site plans and other dimensional surveys, by observing the environmental changes that occur during each stage of construction.

The staking of a design survey is the foundation for a successful project.

In the absence of staking, the accuracy of the overall project will inevitably be diminished due to the risk of errors in site measurements, organization, and date of construction. Staking allows for accurate determination through observation and measurement.

There are two ways to stake out a design survey:

  • Manual staking – this is done by an engineer or project manager, who uses a tape measure and a level to accurately measure and stake the site. This is normally done in the field when there is no manager present.
  • Automated staking – this is done by computer software that calculates the length of horizontal and vertical lines before starting any work.

The stakeout then provides the exact points to be measured again at each stage of construction (e.g.: where the foundations are being laid) to ensure accuracy at each stage of construction.

Survey Construction Staking Benefits

The main benefits are:

  • Accuracy: All responses are completed anonymously in a secure environment by qualified survey completion operators from around the world with strong IT skillsets. This enables us to provide you with an error free data set that is rich in detail.
  • Quick turnaround: The results can be provided to you within 3 weeks of your survey being concluded.
  • Cost-effective: We provide you with a competitive price structure to make our service affordable and accessible.
  • Flexibility: You can choose the country in which your employees complete the survey and we will select operators in that country to complete your survey. This enables us to provide you with a competitive and quick response time, as well as providing you with a data set that is rich in detail and relevant for your needs.
  • Confidentiality: Your data is stored securely in a password-protected database only accessible by you and your nominated nominees.
  • Reliability: you are provided with the confidence that a third party has collected your survey responses – removing any doubt among your respondents as to whether or not their responses will be held confidential.
  • Reputation: Surveyors online is one of the most used online survey organizations in the USA, Canada, Europe and Asia Pacific region.
  • Expertise: it has combined experience of over 30 years in doing survey construction staking services for large and small companies around the world. The clients are provided with a high-quality data set within a short turnaround time.
  • Survey participants remain anonymous: All data collected is anonymous to you as well as to the survey participants. You will only receive de-identified data from which no individual can be identified, along with feedback from your survey participants.
  • Data analysis: You have the option to review and analyze all data collected from your survey.
  • No geographical restrictions: you are provided with a service that is available in any location around the world.
  • Flexible pricing structure: it offers flexible pricing that is affordable to a wide range of companies. The price of the service depends on a number of factors such as the number of projects you need to submit, the size, complexity and duration of these projects and how many surveys you require to be staked.

Survey Construction Staking Materials

The materials used in Survey Construction Staking are listed below.


This is for marking off perfectly straight lines.

Bubble level

This will help you establish that your line is perfectly vertical.

 Carpenter’s square

This will allow you to mark off perfectly 90-degree angles.

 1″ level

This allows you to determine if your stakes are vertical.

Hammer and nails

To drive new stakes or rebar when needed, nail guns are nice, but cheaper and more efficient to just use a hammer and nails!


To dig the holes for rebar stakes.

 Come along

If your stakes aren’t already embedded in the concrete or something of the like.


Never hurts to have one of these around if you need it, and it’s really useful for clearing brush off your line!

Tape Measure and Level

This is for measuring distances along your marks on the ground. You’ll need them to make sure everything you stake is straight and at a 90-degree angle. This should be pretty obvious.


This is for making accurate right angles, you’ll need one of these for every surveyor!

 Bubble Level

This will help you create marks that are perfectly level and/or vertical.

Chain Saw or Tree Climber

This is for clearing tree branches, logs, etc. off the survey plot.

 Stake Poles

These will be used to mark off distances from the ground.

Pencils, Markers, and Erasers

A lot of survey work requires drawing the lines and making marks on the ground with a pencil. You’ll need these for this work, and for writing notes about your survey plot and any notes you may want to make about the position of a stake (ex: “Screw down pin, 8′ from stake 3”).

 Plastic Bags to Use as a “Tent” to Cut Down on Debris at the Site

This can be a big help when, for instance, you need to set up a stake. You don’t want all the dirt and rocks flying everywhere while you are trying to make your stake!

Dust Mask for Blowing Dust and Debris

When you are making the stakes, you will definitely want to wear a dust mask, and possibly a respirator. This will help keep you from inhaling contaminated dirt.

Camera or Camcorder

This will be used to capture Photos of the Project Area, Existing Conditions and/or Unevenness of the Site Prior to Construction

Survey Construction Staking Procedure

The steps to be followed are as described below.

  1. Survey participants are required to log in, create and secure their survey profile.
  2. At this point, you choose whether or not to require that your survey participants complete your survey before they start construction on the project location.
  3. Upon the completion of the survey, you will have access to a report containing the results of your survey and associated notes from your surveyors at Surveyors Online.
  4. The data from your survey will then be used as a foundation for your own reports, and as an input for other reporting requirements, including: submission for any Government and or Accounting Department

Reporting Requirements, submission for any Official Agency’s Inspector General Reports, submission for any Building Permits and/or Site Permits applications for the project location or construction work to be undertaken, and submissions to other private sector organizations.

  1. Once complete and approved, you will receive a report including the survey results.

The report may also include additional information that may be relevant to you, such as references and recommendations for design improvements, comparisons of the data to similar surveys or historical data sets or perhaps even findings that have not yet been included in any other report.

You will have access to a summary of this information at Surveyors Online.

  1. At any point during the survey process, you can review the survey, that is currently active on Surveyors Online.

Survey Construction Staking Why Use Surveyors Online?

  • Quick turnaround: The results can be provided to you within 3 weeks.
  • Cost-effective: you are provided with a competitive price structure to make our service affordable and accessible.
  1. The report will include a summary of all the findings from your survey responses.
  2. If required, you may also have the option of receiving additional reviews and reports on your survey data such as reports on why you might have not received a particular response, what other projects have been completed in your project location over a certain period.
  3. You will have access to a summary of your survey’s findings at Surveyors Online.
  4. You will have access to the results of all surveys completed on your project location within the last 10 years, as well as any additional data that may be relevant to you.

Survey Construction Staking Types

The types of Survey Construction Staking are:

  1. Rough Grade staking- This is for surveyors who just need to verify that construction has been concluded on site.  It does not require any heavy equipment. When completed it usually takes around 1 hour to complete and this type of staking is usually a one-time per project type activity
  2. Site Layout Staking-Once the site has been examined and authorized by the local agency, the contractor can proceed to the next step in the construction of subsurface utilities, retaining walls, buildings, site lighting, and vehicle parking or street pavement.

Once the site has been examined and authorized by the local agency, the contractor can proceed to the next step in the construction of subsurface utilities, retaining walls, buildings, site lighting, and vehicle parking or street pavement.

Importance of Survey Construction Staking

Survey Construction Staking can be beneficial in different ways as described below.

  1. Obtaining building permits and site permits-Obtaining a building permit or site permit is an essential step in the construction process. Without obtaining a building permit, the contractor will not be able to start on site and perform any type of construction.
  2. Correctly designing and locating utility lines-This requires accurate survey information, special equipment, and professional knowledge of subsurface utilities for the most part.
  3. Marking out-Marking out requires full knowledge of the lineal distances, grades, and elevations on site.
  4. Construction Supervision-Supervision for construction on site can be conducted by anyone with a stake out pole and a vehicle to travel from point to point on site.

This is generally going to be the general contractor overseeing overall progress to check for quality control as well as safety of workers and equipment.

  1. Construction accuracy-The accuracy of construction on site is partially dependent on the information obtained by the surveyor during the survey.
  2. Protecting the environment and safety of site workers-Accurate survey information will assist in preventing damage to subsurface utilities, which may be harmful to local ecosystems, as well as preventing damage to construction equipment and workers, who may be injured
  3. Maintaining fiscal integrity and planning – This can be vital when performing construction in an area where there are changing regulations.
  4. Production management-When the project is being performed in a typical construction site, it can be difficult to control the flow of sub-contractors and workers on site.
  5. Making Site Plans and Estimating Costs – To all the above, we provide you with the ability to make site plans and costs easily. These can be great for contractors, subcontractors, and potential investors.
  6. Drafting Building Plans – For those planning on constructing a building, the site layout will be useful for construction plans.

Survey Construction Staking Areas of Expertise

The main areas of expertise in survey construction staking are:

  1. Infrastructure Surveying- This includes the following construction activities; Bridge Surveys, Ferrocement Structure Surveys, Dam Surveys, Water Well Surveys and related infrastructure areas
  2. Asset Management- The range of activities provided includes; Survey & Maps, Asset Management & Scheduling, Safety Systems & Surveys, and Asset Management & Concession Management
  3. Design – design covers such areas as architecture, structural engineering and geotechnical services.
  4. Survey Construction Staking – staking service will be of great benefit to the following areas; Infrastructure Planning, Infrastructure Operations and Infrastructure Building Surveying.
  5. Costing – this a final step before starting on site; Cost Estimating, Cost Recording and Project Costing.
  6. Building Planning – These include planning for buildings or constructions from the ground up (Basic Structure Plan), heavy works planning (Construction & Structural Design) and detail design for a single project.
  7. Building Construction – The range of activities includes; Building Services, Building Design, Building Materials, Site Lighting and site Works.
  8. Complaints Handling -offers all services related to complaints handling on site with the following; Complaint Reports, Complaints Action Plan and Complaints Investigation Board
  9. Construction Compliance Management -compliance management service offers on site provision of documentation and reports that outlines the required standards for sub-contractors and suppliers.


What is site staking?

Staking refers to points that assist direct the contractor while he or she constructs the improvements on the site and ensures that the construction project is finished on time, on budget, and as intended.

How do we normally perform construction staking?

The surveyor is required to conduct the following processes:

* Conduct a staking session with the client or contractor.

* Study and research site plans, drawings, and materials.

* Determine positions on-site from stakes-placed on-site layout.

* Prioritize and mark out stake positions with high visibility paint, flags or stakes. * Complete stake labels and note any other pictorial or descriptive staking information. * Take Level Shot of stake positions where relevant.

* Discuss the staking information with the client or contractor to clear up any outstanding questions.

How do we stakeout?

We begin by holding a meeting with the client or contractor who could be an outside company, a local business or an individual (i.e., The property owner).

Staking out begins by evaluating each stake position on-site and how it will affect construction activities. We also take into consideration factors such as safety, environmental issues and construction logistics when performing our stakeouts and/or determining stake positions.

What survey construction staking is needed on a site?

Survey construction staking is needed by surveyors who are performing construction surveys.  The surveyor is required to obtain the data required by the local council or agency, from the contractor at the site.

Surveyors should be thoroughly familiar with their own planning and surveying procedures to ensure that they obtain sufficient information from the contractor and sub-contractor about their workplace before proceeding any further. This will ensure that the required information is obtained when it should be.

Who are the surveyors who provide site staking?

The following surveyors perform construction staking on site:

* Level Shot Surveyors – Level Shot Surveyors have the skill, ability and knowledge to mark out and stake location of building works. They are well versed in site as well as construction surveys.

* Stake Surveyors – Stake Surveyors provide both Level Shot and Site Location service. They can also be a great help on site when problems occur that require extensive staking of construction points.

What tools are required and how long will it take to perform survey construction staking on site?

The tools used in this work are basic or advanced depending on the needs of the project and include; drawing instruments, stake out pole, GPS device, and compass.

The length of time that this takes depends on whether you have anyone available who can perform the task or not, along with the type of construction being performed.

How will the data obtained be used?

The survey construction staking data will be used by surveyors, subcontractors and other contractors who want to perform their task on site as required.

The scaffolding setup is also necessary for the construction of many types of buildings and structures.  Survey construction staking is a useful tool for everyone who wants to obtain accurate information from their contractors or subcontractors on-site at all times, as the need arises.

How much survey construction staking will be performed on-site?

The amount can vary depending on the type of project, size and location of the structure, along with the sub-contractor or main contractor who is performing the work. The information that is obtained can be used as soon as it is recorded. It can be used in future work if needed.

What types of staking are performed and how will they be used?

Staking is a technique that is used to mark out reference points and other items to be used on the construction site. It is done with stakes, tape, or paint.

The stakes are useful for marking out any site set up on the ground, in order to control the flow of workers and vehicles and prevent damage being done to expensive equipment or workers being injured.

What is Surveying Construction Cost?

Surveying construction cost is the amount of money that you need to spend in order to perform construction staking services.

The amount of money needed will depend on the pricing structure that you choose and whether you choose to use a professional surveyor or not. The information obtained will be used for various purposes by those who are performing site construction.

Some of these purposes could include; planning and recording costs and estimating costs, design, drafting plans, and deciding on what type of building needs to be constructed.

What is the difference between Concrete Cost and Construction Staking Cost?

Construction staking cost refers to the amount of money that it will take to perform survey construction staking services for a specific project.

Construction staking cost can be obtained from a number of sources, including; the main contractor or land owner, sub-contractors or subcontractors, and professional surveyors.

What is site surveying service?

A site surveying service is a survey that is performed on the construction site. The information obtained is used to survey larger construction projects and works, ensuring that everything will be constructed within the time and budget needed.

The information obtained can be used by various parties involved in the construction of the project or building.

What are stakes surveying?

Survey stakes are markers used by surveyors to prepare job sites, mark out property borders, and offer information concerning claims on natural resources such as wood and minerals.

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